Laparoscopy is an increasingly used approach in the surgical treatment of rectal cancer and prostate cancer. The anatomical proximity of the two organs is the main reason to consider performing both procedures simultaneously.
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To present our first experience of laparoscopic rectal resection and radical prostatectomy, performed simultaneously, in 3 patients.
The first patient was diagnosed with locally advanced rectal cancer and tumor infiltration of the prostate and seminal vesicles. The other 2 patients were diagnosed with tumor duplicity. The surgery of the first patient started with laparoscopic prostatectomy except division of the prostate from the rectal wall. The next step was resection of the rectum, extralevator amputation of the rectum and vesicourethral anastomosis. In the other patients, resection of the rectum, followed by radical prostatectomy, was performed.
The median follow-up was 12 months. The median operation time was 4 h 40 min, with blood loss of 300 ml. The operations and postoperative course were without incident in the case of 2 patients. However, 1 patient had stercoral peritonitis and a vesicorectal fistula in the early postoperative stage. Sigmoidostomy and postponed ureteroileal conduit were carried out. All patients were in oncologic remission.
Combined laparoscopic rectal resection and radical prostatectomy is a viable option for selected patients with locally advanced rectal cancer or tumor duplication. The procedures were completed without complications in 2 out of 3 patients.
Wideochirurgia i inne techniki maloinwazyjne = Videosurgery and other miniinvasive techniques / kwartalnik pod patronatem Sekcji Wideochirurgii TChP oraz Sekcji Chirurgii Bariatrycznej TChP. 2015 Sep 11 [Epub]
Milos Brodak, Julius Orhalmi, Josef Kosina, Michal Balik, Jaroslav Pacovsky
Department of Urology, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. , Department of Surgery, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. , Department of Urology, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. , Department of Urology, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. , Department of Urology, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.