Psychological Characteristics and Traits for Finding Benefit From Prostate Cancer: Correlates and Predictors.

BACKGROUND - Although beginning evidence suggests that the capacity to derive benefit from cancer-associated experiences may be influenced by some individual psychological characteristics and traits, little is known about predictors for finding benefit from prostate cancer.

OBJECTIVE - The aim of this study was to explore the correlates and predictors for finding benefit from prostate cancer among a sample of men undergoing androgen deprivation.

METHODS - Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression modeling were performed on data collected in an acute tertiary hospital outpatient setting (N = 209) between July 2011 and December 2013 to determine correlates and predictors for finding benefit from prostate cancer.

RESULTS - Multiple linear regression modeling showed that while the 6 predictors of self-reported coping, depression, anxiety, distress, resilience, and hope explained 38% of the variance in finding benefit, coping provided the strongest and statistically significant predictive contribution.

CONCLUSIONS - Self-reported coping was strongly predictive of finding benefit from prostate cancer, but questions remain about if subtypes of coping strategies can be more or less predictive of finding benefit. Self-reported levels of depression, anxiety, distress, resilience, and hope had a less predictive and nonsignificant role in finding benefit from prostate cancer and raise questions about their function in this subpopulation.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE - The findings suggest that coping strategies can maximize finding benefit from prostate cancer. Knowledge of influential coping strategies for finding benefit from prostate cancer can be immensely valuable to support men in rebuilding positive meaning amid a changed illness reality. Developing practice initiatives that foster positive meaning-making coping strategies seems valuable.

Cancer nursing. 2015 Dec 03 [Epub ahead of print]

Elizabeth C Pascoe, David Edvardsson

Author Affiliations: School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia (Ms Pascoe and Dr Edvardsson); and Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden (Dr Edvardsson).

PubMed