Acceptance of Cancer in Patients Diagnosed with Lung, Breast, Colorectal and Prostate Carcinoma

BACKGROUND - The ability to accept illness is a major issue in the life of a person with cancer. Acceptance of disease is simultaneously conducted at two levels: the emotional and cognitive-behavioral one. It is consequential to cancer affecting numerous aspects of patient's life, i.

e. the physical, mental, social and the spiritual area. The aim of the study was to verify the influence of socioeconomic factors on acceptance of illness in patients suffering from breast, lung, colorectal and prostate carcinoma.

METHODS - The study included 902 patients treated on an outpatient basis at the Center of Oncology, the Maria Skłodowska-Curie Institute in Warsaw, in the year 2013. The Paper and Pencil Interview (PAPI) technique was applied. The questionnaire comprised basic demographic questions (socioeconomic factors) and Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) test estimating the level of disease acceptance in patients.

RESULTS - Prostate carcinoma patients scored highest (30, 39), whereas lung carcinoma patients scored lowest (23, 17) concerning illness acceptance according to the AIS scale. In all cases, linear dependence between the net income-per-household-member and the AIS score could be observed. Another diversification factor in the case of prostate carcinoma patients was the level of education. Yet one more dependence could be observed between the level of illness acceptance and chemotherapy over the course of past twelve months.

CONCLUSIONS - The degree of disease acceptance is subject to a type of carcinoma. Patient income is an economic factor significantly affecting the acceptance of illness score.

Iranian journal of public health. 2015 Aug [Epub]

Urszula Religioni, Aleksandra Czerw, Andrzej Deptała

Public Health Department, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. , Public Health Department, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. , Division of Cancer Prevention, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland ; Dept. of Oncology and Hematology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Interior, Warsaw, Poland.