New prospects for PET in prostate cancer imaging: a physicist's viewpoint.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer among men. Early diagnosis, correct staging, accurate detection of metastasis, and monitoring of the therapy are the key tasks that could greatly benefit from medical imaging.

After a review of the main developments in the field of positron emission tomography (PET) tracers for prostate cancer, the impact of improved PET instrumentation with good spatial resolution and high sensitivity is discussed, together with the latest development in PET technology: lutetium oxy-ortho-silicate (LSO) and lutetium-yttrium oxy-ortho-silicate (LYSO) scintillators, resolution recovery, and time-of-flight reconstruction. New directions and multiple approaches in PET instrumentation for prostate cancer are presented and discussed. In particular, improved hardware and noise suppressing reconstruction algorithms allow for higher detectability of small lesions and better spatial resolution in PET/computerized tomography (CT) and PET/magnetic resonance (MR). This can be beneficial for guiding biopsy and surgery and for accurate therapy monitoring.

EJNMMI physics. 2014 Sep 09 [Epub]

Maurizio Conti

Siemens Healthcare Molecular Imaging, 810 Innovation Drive, Knoxville, TN, 37932, USA.

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