Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) delays the emergence of castration resistance in patients with oligometastatic prostate cancer.

To investigate whether bon e metastases-directed stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) delays the emergence of castration resistance in patients with oligometastatic prostate cancer (OPC).

OPC is usually managed with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).

Migration to castration-resistant prostate cancer will inevitably occur in the majority of these patients. There are several strategies aimed to delay the emergence of castration resistance including intermittent ADT, second generation antiandrogens (abiraterone, enzalutamide) or metastases-directed SBRT. The present report describes two cases of patients with OPC that received SBRT 24 Gy/3Rx to the solitary bony lesion after ADT failure.

Both cases showed complete and durable biochemical response for 13 and 17 months, respectively.

SBRT can be used to delay the emergence of castration resistance and the need for systemic therapy when used after ADT failure.

Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico. 2015 Oct 19 [Epub ahead of print]

M I Martínez-Fernández, J L Pérez Gracia, I Gil-Bazo, R Martínez-Monge

Department of Oncology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarre, Avda Pío XII s/n, Pamplona, Navarre, Spain. Department of Oncology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarre, Avda Pío XII s/n, Pamplona, Navarre, Spain. , Department of Oncology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarre, Avda Pío XII s/n, Pamplona, Navarre, Spain. , Department of Oncology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarre, Avda Pío XII s/n, Pamplona, Navarre, Spain.

PubMed