The influence of prostatic anatomy and neurotrophins on basal prostate epithelial progenitor cells.

Based on findings of surface marker, protein screens as well as the postulated near-urethral location of the prostate stem cell niche, we were interested whether androgen ablation, distinct anatomic regions within the prostate or neurotrophins have an influence on basal prostate epithelial progenitor cells (PESCs).

Microdissection of the prostate, enzymatic digestion, and preparation of single cells was performed from murine and human prostates. Adult PESC marker expressions were compared between a group of C57BL/6 mice and a separate group of castrated C57BL/6 mice. Surface markers CD13/CD271 on human prostate epithelial progenitor cells were evaluated by FACS analyses in cells cultured under novel stem cell conditions. The effect of neurotrophins NGF, NT3, and BDNF were evaluated with respect to their influence on proliferation and activation of human basal PESCs in vitro.

We demonstrate the highest percentage of CD49f+ and Trop2+ expressing cells in the urethra near prostatic regions of WT mice (Trop2+ proximal: 10% vs. distal to the urethra: 3%, P < 0. 001). While a marked increase of Trop2 expressing cells can be measured both in the proximal and distal prostatic regions after castration, the most prominent increase in Trop2+ cells can be measured in the prostatic tissue distant to the urethra. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the proportion of syndecan-1 expressing cells greatly increases in the regions proximal to the urethra after castration (WT: 5% vs. castrated: 40%). We identified heterogeneous CD13 and nerve growth factor receptor (p75(NGFR) , CD271) expression on CD49f(+) /TROP2(high) human basal PESCs. Addition of the neurotrophins NT3, BDNF, and NGF to the stem cell media led to a marked temporary increase in the proliferation of human basal PESCs.

Our results in mice support the model, in which the proximal urethral region contains the prostate stem cell niche while a stronger androgen-dependent regulation of adult prostate stem cells can be found in the peripheral prostatic tissue. Neutrophin signaling via nerve growth factor receptor is possibly involved in human prostate stem cell homeostasis. Prostate 9999: XX-XX, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

The Prostate. 2015 Oct 07 [Epub ahead of print]

Thomas Höfner, Corinna Klein, Christian Eisen, Teresa Rigo-Watermeier, Axel Haferkamp, Andreas Trumpp, Martin R Sprick

Heidelberg Institute for Stem Cell Technology and Experimental Medicine (HI-STEM gGmbH), Heidelberg, Germany. , Heidelberg Institute for Stem Cell Technology and Experimental Medicine (HI-STEM gGmbH), Heidelberg, Germany. , Heidelberg Institute for Stem Cell Technology and Experimental Medicine (HI-STEM gGmbH), Heidelberg, Germany. , Heidelberg Institute for Stem Cell Technology and Experimental Medicine (HI-STEM gGmbH), Heidelberg, Germany. , Department of Urology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany. , Heidelberg Institute for Stem Cell Technology and Experimental Medicine (HI-STEM gGmbH), Heidelberg, Germany. , Heidelberg Institute for Stem Cell Technology and Experimental Medicine (HI-STEM gGmbH), Heidelberg, Germany.

PubMed