Lymphatic Vascularization in Prostate Adenocarcinoma: Correlation with Tumor Grade, Androgen Withdrawal and Prognosis.

The lymphatic system plays an active role in the metastatic process by directly facilitating recruitment of cancer cells into the vessels. The present study aimed to assess the lymphatic vessel area and the lymphatic vessel density in prostate adenocarcinoma and to correlate these parameters with patients prognosis and outcome.

The lymphatic vessel area and the lymphatic vessel density were evaluated using the D2-40 monoclonal antibody in 153 patients with prostate adenocarcinoma who had been treated by radical prostatectomy, in comparison to 152 non-neoplastic controls. We also estimated the lymphatic vessel area in a set of 139 patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy after neoadjuvant treatment with combined androgen blockade.

Lymphatic vessel area was higher in periglandular than in interglandular stroma, inversely correlated with tumor differentiation (in untreated patients) and was influenced by hormonal treatment. Lymphatic vessel density was not significantly different between the non-tumoral and the high-grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasm compartment, whereas it was higher in tumoral than in non-tumoral compartments, mainly in periglandular stroma. In addition, it increased in parallel to the tumor grade progression and positively correlated with all the main prognostic factors of prostate adenocarcinoma.

The evaluation of lymphatic vessel density on radical prostatectomy with positive nodes may help to discriminate those patients at higher risk of developing an aggressive disease, which may need early androgen deprivation therapy to delay the worsening of clinical disease.

Anticancer research. 2015 Oct [Epub]

Maria R Ambrosio, Bruno J Rocca, Aurora Barone, Alessandro Ginori, Filippo Crivelli, Luigi Pirtoli, Maria T Del Vecchio

Department of Medical Biotechnologies, Section of Pathology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy , Department of Medical Biotechnologies, Section of Pathology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy Pathology Unit, Ospedale di Circolo di Busto Arsizio, Presidio Ospedaliero di Saronno, Saronno, Italy. , Department of Medical Biotechnologies, Section of Pathology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. , Department of Medical Biotechnologies, Section of Pathology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. , Pathology Unit, Ospedale di Circolo di Busto Arsizio, Presidio Ospedaliero di Saronno, Saronno, Italy. , Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, Section of Pathology and Radiological Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy. , Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, Section of Pathology and Radiological Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

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