The aim of the present study was to determine the association between the socio-demographic, lifestyle factors, and dietary habits with the risk of prostate cancer (PC) in a case-control study of Spanish men.
None of the socio-demographic, lifestyle or dietetic variables was found predictors of PC risk. Body mass index was associated with an increased risk for aggressive PC and fruit consumption with lower Gleason scores, thus less aggressive cancers. Nonetheless, after applying Bonferroni correction, these variables were not still associated with PC aggressiveness. More adequately, powered epidemiological studies that measure the effect of lifestyle and dietary intake in PC risk and aggressiveness are warranted to further elucidate the role of these modifiable factors on PC etiology.
International journal of food sciences and nutrition. 2015 Sep 01 [Epub ahead of print]
Maria Jesus Alvarez-Cubero, Manrique Pascual-Geler, Ana Rivas, Luis Javier Martinez-Gonzalez, Maria Saiz, Jose Antonio Lorente, Jose Manuel Cozar
a Laboratory of Genetic Identification , Legal Medicine and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada , Granada , Spain