The best prostate biopsy scheme is dictated by the gland volume: a monocentric study.

Accuracy of biopsy scheme depends on different parameters. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level and digital rectal examination (DRE) influenced the detection rate and suggested the biopsy scheme to approach each patient.

Another parameter is the prostate volume. Sampling accuracy tends to decrease progressively with an increasing prostate volume. We prospectively observed detection cancer rate in suspicious prostate cancer (PCa) and improved by applying a protocol biopsy according to prostate volume (PV).

Clinical data and pathological features of these 1356 patients were analysed and included in this study. This protocol is a combined scheme that includes transrectal (TR) 12-core PBx (TR12PBx) for PV ≤ 30 cc, TR 14-core PBx (TR14PBx) for PV > 30 cc but < 60 cc, TR 18-core PBx (TR18PBx) for PV ≥ 60 cc.

Out of a total of 1356 patients, in 111 (8. 2%) PCa was identified through TR12PBx scheme, in 198 (14. 6%) through TR14PBx scheme and in 253 (18. 6%) through TR18PBx scheme. The PCa detection rate was increased by 44% by adding two TZ cores (TR14PBx scheme). The TR18PBx scheme increased this rate by 21. 7% vs. TR14PBx scheme. The diagnostic yield offered by TR18PBx was statistically significant compared to the detection rate offered by the TR14PBx scheme (p < 0. 003). The biopsy Gleason score and the percentage of core involvement were comparable between PCa detected by the TR14PBx scheme diagnostic yield and those detected by the TR18PBx scheme (p = 0. 362).

The only PV parameter, in our opinion, can be significant in choosing the best biopsy scheme to approach in a first setting of biopsies increasing PCa detection rate.

European review for medical and pharmacological sciences. 2015 Aug [Epub]

L Dell'Atti

Department of Urology, University Hospital "S. Anna", Ferrara, Italy.