The making of local hospital discharge arrangements: specifying the role of professional groups.

Timely discharge is a key component of contemporary hospital governance and raises questions about how to move to more explicit discharge arrangements. Although associated organisational changes closely intersect with professional interests, there are relatively few studies in the literature on hospital discharge that explicitly examine the role of professional groups.

Recent contributions to the literature on organisational studies of the professions help to specify how professional groups in hospitals contribute to the introduction and routinisation of discharge arrangements This study builds on a view of organisational and professional projects as closely intertwined, where professionals take up organising roles and where organisations shape professionalism

The analysis is based on a case study of the introduction and routinisation of explicit discharge arrangements for patients with prostate cancer in two hospitals in Denmark This represents a typical case that involves changes in professional practice without being first and foremost a professional project The multiple case design also makes the findings more robust The analysis draws from 12 focus groups with doctors, nurses and secretaries conducted at two different stages in the process of the making of the local discharge arrangements

From the analysis, two distinct local models of discharge arrangements that connect more or less directly to existing professional practice emerge: an 'add-on' model, which relies on extra resources, special activities and enforced change; and an 'embedded model', which builds on existing ways of working, current resources, and perspectives of professional groups The two models reveal differences in the roles of professional groups in terms of their stakes and involvement in the process of organisational change: whereas in the 'add on' model the professional groups remain at a distance, in the 'embedded model' they are closely engaged

In terms of understanding the making of hospital discharge arrangements, the study contributes two sets of insights into the specific roles of professional groups First, professional interests are an important driver for health professionals to engage in adapting discharge arrangements; and second, professional practice offers a powerful lever for turning new discharge arrangements into organisational routines

BMC health services research 2015 Aug 04*** epublish ***

Viola Burau, Flemming Bro

CFK - Public Health and Quality Improvement, Olof Palmes Allé 15, 8200, Aarhus N, Denmark Viola Burau@stab rm dk , Department of Public Health, Research Unit for General Practice, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 2, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark fbro@ph au dk

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