Increased expression of Six1 correlates with progression and prognosis of prostate cancer.

Sineoculis homeobox homolog 1 (Six1), normally a developmentally restricted transcriptional regulator, is frequently dysregulated in mutiple cancers. Increasing evidences show that overexpression of Six1 plays a key role in tumorigenesis.

However, the Six1 expression status and its relationship with the clinicopathological characteristics in prostate cancer were unclear In this study, the mRNA and protein levels of Six1 in prostate cancer tissues and normal prostate tissues were evaluated The clinicopathological significance of Six1 was investigated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on a prostate cancer tissue microarray The cut-off score for high expression of Six1 was determined by the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis The correlation between Six1 protein expression and clinicopathological characteristics of prostate cancer was analyzed by Chi-square test Increased expression of Six1 protein was observed in the majority of prostate cancer, compared with their paired adjacent normal prostate tissues When Six1 high expression percentage was determined to be above 55 % (area under ROC curve = 0 881, P = 0 000), high expression of Six1 was observed in 55 6 % (80/144) of prostate cancer tissues and low expression of Six1 was observed in all normal prostate tissues by IHC Increased expression of Six1 in patients was correlated with high histological grade (χ2 = 58 651, P = 0 00), advanced clinical stage (χ2 = 57 330, P = 0 000), high Gleason score (χ2 = 63 480, P = 0 000), high primary tumor grade (χ2 = 57 330, P = 0 000) and positive regional lymph node metastasis (χ2 = 19 294, P = 0 000) Furthermore, univariate and multivariate survival analysis suggested that Six1 was an independent prognostic indicator for overall survival (P < 0 05) This study suggests that Six1 could be served as an additional biomarker in identifying prostate cancer patients at risk of tumor progression, might potentially be used for predicting survival outcome of patients with prostate cancer

Cancer cell international 2015 Jun 20*** epublish ***

Jun Zeng, Rong Shi, Cui-Xia Cai, Xin-Rui Liu, Yan-Bin Song, Min Wei, Wen-Li Ma

Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, No 1838, Baiyun Road North, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China , Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, No 1838, Baiyun Road North, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China , Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, No 1838, Baiyun Road North, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China , Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, No 1838, Baiyun Road North, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China , Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, No 1838, Baiyun Road North, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China , Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, No 1838, Baiyun Road North, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China , Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, No 1838, Baiyun Road North, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China

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