PET/MRI Evaluation of Gynecologic Malignancies and Prostate Cancer.

PET combined with cross-sectional anatomical imaging is an essential part of workup for most malignancies, in which CT or MRI provides anatomical context to the functional information from PET.

Hybrid imaging with PET/CT has been extensively researched and implemented clinically in the evaluation and management of patients with gynecologic malignancies. Lately, integrated PET/MR scanners have become available. This new technology is fast gaining a role in clinical applications in the fields of oncology, neurology, and cardiology. MRI provides excellent soft tissue contrast especially in the pelvis and has been proven very useful for imaging prostate and female genital pathologies.

The ability of PET to provide accurate functional imaging data with high sensitivity combined with the strength of MRI to provide accurate depiction of anatomy with high contrast and spatial resolution renders combined PET/MRI a desirable method for evaluation of gynecologic malignancies and other pelvic cancers such as prostate cancer.

The goal of this article is to provide an overview of the published literature using PET/MRI in gynecologic and prostate cancers.

Semin Nucl Med. 2015 Jul;45(4):293-303. doi: 10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2015.03.005.

Bagade S1, Fowler KJ2, Schwarz JK3, Grigsby PW3, Dehdashti F4.

1 Edward Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.
2 Edward Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO; Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.
3 Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO; Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.
4 Edward Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO; Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO

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