INTRODUCTION: Based on radiobiology evidence, hypofractionated radiotherapy has the potential of improving treatment outcome in prostate cancer patients.
In this study, we evaluated the safety, in terms of acutetoxicity, of using moderate hypofractionated radiotherapy delivered with Helical Tomotherapy (HT) to treat prostate cancer patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2012 and April 2014, 42 consecutive patients were treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy using HT. All patients received 70 Gy in 28 fractions to PTV1, which included the prostate. In the intermediate risk group, 61.6 Gy were delivered to PTV2, which included the seminal vesicles. In high risk patients, the pelvic nodes were added (PTV3) and received 50.4 Gy. Acute toxicity was recorded prospectively with RTOG and Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 3.0, retrospectively with CTCAE 4.0. Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) was measured at baseline and 3 months after end of treatment, to investigate health related quality of life with regards to bladder and gastrointestinal function.
RESULTS: Acute toxicity was acceptable, independently from the system used to score side effects. Moderate genitourinary toxicity was more frequent than gastrointestinal toxicity. No correlation between acute side effects and patients' characteristics or physical dose parameters was registered. EPIC evaluation showed a negligible difference in urinary and bowel function post-treatment, that did not reach statistical significance.
CONCLUSIONS: Our experience confirms the safety of moderate hypofractionation delivered with HT in prostate cancer patients with low, intermediate and high risk.
Ferrera G, Mortellaro G, Mannino M, Caminiti G, Spera A, Figlia V, Iacoviello G, Di Paola G, Mazzola R, Lo Casto A, Alongi F, Pappalardo MP, Lagalla R. Are you the author?
Radiation Oncology, ARNAS-Civico Hospital, Palermo, Italy.
Reference: Radiol Med. 2015 May 24. Epub ahead of print.