OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate new regret scales and examine whether a decision aid affects different aspects of regret in the treatment choice for prostate cancer.
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METHODS: This was a multicentre trial (three sites) with imbalanced randomization (1 : 2). From 2008 to 2011, patients with localized prostate cancer were randomized 1 : 2 to usual care (N = 77) or usual care plus a decision aid presenting risks and benefits of different treatments (N = 163). The treatments were surgery and (external or interstitial) radiotherapy. Regret was assessed before, and 6 and 12 months after treatment, using the Decisional regret scale by Brehaut et al. (Medical Decision Making, 23, 2003, 281), and three new scales focusing on process, option and outcome regret. The relation between decision aid and regret was analysed by anova.
RESULTS: The concurrent validity of the new regret scales was confirmed by correlations between regret and anxiety, depression, decision evaluation scales and health-related quality of life. With a decision aid, patient participation was increased (P = 0.002), but regret was not. If anything, in patients with serious morbidity the decision aid resulted in a trend to less option regret and less Brehaut regret (P = 0.075 and P = 0.061, with effect sizes of 0.35 and 0.38, respectively). Exploratory analyses suggest that high-risk patients benefitted most from the decision aid.
CONCLUSION: The new regret scales may be of value in distinguishing separate aspects of regret. In general, regret was not affected by the decision aid. In patients with serious morbidity, a trend to lower option regret with a decision aid was observed.
van Tol-Geerdink JJ, Leer JW, Wijburg CJ, van Oort IM, Vergunst H, van Lin EJ, Witjes JA, Stalmeier PF. Are you the author?
Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Urology, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The Netherlands; Department of Urology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Urology, Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Health Evidence, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Reference: Health Expect. 2015 May 3. Epub ahead of print.