PURPOSE: To initiate a phase 1/2 trial to examine the tolerability of a condensed combined-modality protocol for high-risk prostate cancer.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: Men scoring ≥3 on the Vulnerable Elderly Scale (VES) or refusing conventionally fractionated treatment for high-risk prostate cancer were eligible to participate. Androgen suppression was delivered for 12 months, and radiation therapy was delivered using 25 Gy to pelvic nodes delivered synchronously with 40 Gy to the prostate given as 1 fraction per week over 5 weeks. The phase 1 component included predetermined stopping rules based on 6-month treatment-related toxicity, with trial suspension specified if there were ≥6 of 15 patients (40%) or ≥3 of 15 (20%) who experienced grade ≥2 or ≥3 gastrointestinal (GI) or genitourinary (GU) toxicity, respectively.
RESULTS: Sixteen men were enrolled, with 7 men meeting the criteria of VES ≥3 and 9 men having a VES < 3 but choosing the condensed treatment. One man was not treated owing to discovery of a synchronous primary rectal cancer. Four patients (26%) experienced grade ≥2 toxicity at 6 weeks after treatment. There were 9 of 15 (60%) who experienced grade ≥2 GI or GU toxicity and 4 of 15 (26%) grade ≥3 GI or GU toxicity at 6 months, and 5 of 15 (30%) grade ≥2 GI and GU toxicity at 6 months. A review of the 15 cases did not identify any remedial changes, thus the phase 1 criteria were not met.
CONCLUSION: This novel condensed treatment had higher than anticipated late toxicities and was terminated before phase 2 accrual. Treatment factors, such as inclusion of pelvic lymph node radiation therapy, planning constraints, and treatment margins, or patient factors related to the specific frail elderly population may be contributing.
Bauman G, Ferguson M, Lock M, Chen J, Ahmad B, Venkatesan VM, Sexton T, D'Souza D, Loblaw A, Warner A, Rodrigues G. Are you the author?
Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Oncology, Western University and London Regional Cancer Program, London, Ontario, Canada; Department of Radiation Oncology, Allan Blair Cancer Centre, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada; Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Toronto and Odette Cancer Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Reference: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Apr 30. pii: S0360-3016(15)00252-7.