Transient but significant visual field defects after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in deep Trendelenburg position - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for prostate cancer.

During RALP, the patient must be in a steep Trendelenburg (head-down) position, which leads to a significant increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). The association of RALP with visual field sensitivity, however, has not been prospectively studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prospectively the visual field, retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, and optic disc morphology in 50 normal eyes of 25 male patients that underwent RALP.

METHODS: The subjects were 25 males among 33 consecutive patients who underwent uneventful RALP under general anesthesia in our hospital. Visual field tests using the Humphrey visual field analyzer 30-2 SITA-standard program were performed before, 7 days after, and 1-3 months after RALP. IOP was measured before, during, and after RALP; and ophthalmologic examinations, including slit-lamp, fundus examination, and optical coherence tomography (OCT), were scheduled before and 7 days after surgery.

RESULTS: IOP was significantly increased during RALP up to 29.4 mmHg (P< 0.01). Postoperative local visual field defects were detected in 7 eyes of 7 subjects dominantly in the lower hemifield without abnormal findings in the optic nerve head or retina, and the visual field recovered to normal within 3 months after surgery. General factors associated with RALP, IOP, RNFL thickness, or optic disc parameters did not differ significantly between eyes with and without postoperative visual field defects, and parameters of OCT measurements were not altered after surgery.

CONCLUSION: Transient but significant unilateral visual field defects were found in 28% of the subjects examined. The probable cause are the increased IOP and altered perfusion during surgery and ophthalmologic examinations are therefore suggested before and after RALP.

Written by:
Taketani Y, Mayama C, Suzuki N, Wada A, Oka T, Inamochi K, Nomoto Y.   Are you the author?
Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Ophthalmology, Asahi General Hospital, Chiba, Japan; Department of Urology, Asahi General Hospital, Chiba, Japan; Department of Anesthesiology, Asahi General Hospital, Chiba, Japan; Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Metropolitan Police Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Ophthalmology, Asahi General Hospital, Chiba, Japan.

Reference: PLoS One. 2015 Apr 23;10(4):e0123361.
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123361

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25906167 Prostate Cancer Section