Twelve core template prostate biopsy is an unreliable tool to select patients eligible for focal therapy - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: To determine whether unilateral prostate cancer diagnosed at 12-core prostate biopsy harbours relevant prostate cancer foci in contralateral lobe in cases eligible for hemiablative focal therapy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed 112 radical prostatectomies of unilateral Gleason 6/7 prostate cancer based on prostate biopsy information. The presence of significant prostate cancer foci and/or the index lesion in the contralateral lobe is described. A subanalysis is performed in cases of Gleason score 6 and in cases of very-low-risk prostate cancer.

RESULTS: Contralateral prostate cancer was present in 69.6% of cases, fulfilling significant prostate cancer criteria in 33% and being the index lesion in 32%. No significant differences were found when analysing the Gleason 6 group (73% contralateral prostate cancer, 34% significant prostate cancer and 35% index lesion) or the very-low-risk prostate cancer group (80% contralateral prostate cancer, 29% significant prostate cancer and 45% index lesion).

CONCLUSIONS: The assumption of unilateral prostate cancer based on 12-core template prostate biopsy information is unreliable. In about one third of the cases, there will be focus of significant prostate cancer or the index lesion in the contralateral lobe. This information should be taken into account when hemiablative focal therapies are considered.

Written by:
Fumadó L, Cecchini L, Juanpere N, Ubré A, Lorente JA, Alcaraz A.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.

Reference: Urol Int. 2015 Apr 18. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1159/000381559

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25896142 Prostate Cancer Section