Prediction of gastrointestinal toxicity after external beam radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity is a common effect following radiation therapy (RT) for prostate cancer.

Purpose of the present work is to compare two Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP) modelling approaches for prediction of late radio-induced GI toxicity after prostate external beam radiotherapy.

METHODS: The study includes 84 prostate cancer patients evaluated for late rectal toxicity after 3D conformal radiotherapy. Median age was 72 years (range 53-85). All patients received a total dose of 76 Gy to the prostate gland with daily fractions of 2 Gy. The acute and late radio-induced GI complications were classified according to the RTOG/EORTC scoring system. Rectum dose-volume histograms were extracted for Lyman-Kutcher-Burman (LKB) NTCP model fitting using Maximum Likelihood Estimation. The bootstrap method was employed to test the fit robustness. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the predictive power of the LKB and to compare it with a multivariate logistic NTCP model previously determined.

RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 36 months, 42% (35/84) of patients experienced grade 1-2 (G1-2) acute GI events while 25% (21/84) of patients developed G1-2 late GI events. The best-estimate of fitting parameters for LKB NTCP model for mild\moderate GI toxicity resulted to be: D 50  = 87.3 Gy, m = 0.37 and n = 0.10. Bootstrap result showed that the parameter fit was robust. The AUC values for the LKB and for the multivariate logistic models were 0.60 and 0.75, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: We derived the parameters of the LKB model for mild\moderate GI toxicity prediction and we compared its performance with that of a data-driven multivariate model. Compared to LKB, the multivariate model confirmed a higher predictive power as showed by the AUC values.

Written by:
D'Avino V, Palma G, Liuzzi R, Conson M, Doria F, Salvatore M, Pacelli R, Cella L.   Are you the author?
Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging, National Council of Research (CNR), Naples, Italy; Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University School of Medicine, Naples, Italy. ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Reference: Radiat Oncol. 2015 Apr 8;10(1):80.
doi: 10.1186/s13014-015-0389-5

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25890376 Prostate Cancer Section