BACKGROUND: Some men with biopsy Gleason score (GS) 7 prostate cancer (PC) harbor occult GS 8 to 10 PC and might be undertreated with short-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and radiation therapy (RT).
With advancing age associated with occult high-grade PC, we evaluated PC-specific mortality (PCSM) risk after RT and short-term ADT for older men with GS 4+3 PC and men of any age with GS 8 to 10 PC.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study cohort comprised 206 men with unfavorable-risk PC treated with RT or RT and 6 months of ADT on a randomized trial between 1995 and 2001. Competing risks regression was used to compare PCSM risk for men with GS 8 to 10 PC to men with GS ≤ 3+4, GS 4+3 and age ≤ 73 years (median age), and GS 4+3 and age > 73 years, adjusting for PC risk factors, comorbidity, and treatment.
RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 14.3 years, 135 men died (65.53%), 24 (17.78%) of PC. Men age > 73 years with GS 4+3 PC did not have significantly lower PCSM risk compared with men with GS 8 to 10 (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.29-4.06; P = .91); whereas unhealthy men (AHR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.04-0.93; P = .04) and men age ≤ 73 years with GS 4+3 (AHR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.01-1.03; P = .05) fared better.
CONCLUSION: Men age > 73 years with biopsy GS 4+3 did not have a significant difference in PCSM risk than men with GS 8 to 10, supporting further study of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging in such men with no or minimal comorbidity before determining ADT duration.
Chandra RA, Chen MH, Zhang D, Loffredo M, D'Amico AV. Are you the author?
Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Boston, MA; Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT; Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.
Reference: Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2015 Mar 17. pii: S1558-7673(15)00066-X.