OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between baseline factors, post-treatment factors, and long-term satisfaction after radical prostatectomy (RP).
METHODS: Between January 2000 and March 2009, 1425 men who underwent RP by a single surgeon were enrolled in an institutional review board-approved, prospective, longitudinal outcomes study. Baseline characteristics and post-treatment functional and oncologic outcomes were captured through 2013. Patient survey responses from 875 (61.4%) of these men were used to evaluate satisfaction with treatment outcome and treatment decision.
RESULTS: Overall, 88.2% and 91.0% men were satisfied to very satisfied with treatment outcome and treatment decision, respectively. Baseline sexual function was associated with satisfaction with both treatment outcome (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.93) and treatment decision (aOR = 1.47; 95% CI, 1.08-2.01). Among post-treatment factors, higher University of California, Los Angeles Prostate Cancer Sexual Function (aOR = 2.95; 95% CI, 2.06-4.22), University of California, Los Angeles Prostate Cancer Urinary Function (aOR = 2.38; 95% CI, 1.66-3.40), and lower urinary tract symptom scores (aOR = 1.91; 95% CI, 1.19-3.06) were predictors of satisfaction with outcome. Bother due to incontinence and sexual dysfunction, and perception of cure were independent predictors of both satisfaction with treatment outcome and treatment decision.
CONCLUSION: Nearly 90% of men are satisfied with both their treatment outcome and treatment decision after open RP. Improving long-term satisfaction after RP requires efforts to provide realistic expectations and improve functional outcomes.
Lee T, Fenstermaker M, Taksler GB, Lepor H. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY; Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
Reference: Urology. 2015 May;85(5):1130-6.