This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the feasibility of intermittent treatment with docetaxel chemotherapy for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
A total of 51 men with CRPC received docetaxel at 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks combined with oral dexamethasone 1.0-2.0 mg/day between 2008 and 2013. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was monitored every 3 weeks. Chemotherapy was suspended when the serum PSA level decreased to < 4 ng/ml, with a reduction rate of >50% from the baseline. Treatment was resumed when serum PSA increased to > 2 ng/ml, with an increase rate of >50% from the nadir. Of the 51 cases, 27 (52.9%) qualified for intermittent treatment; 17 patients received two courses of docetaxel chemotherapy and 10 received three courses. The median off-treatment interval was 266 days for the first drug holiday, 129.5 days for the second and 146.5 days for the third. The multivariate analysis indicated low baseline PSA (<median, 30.55 ng/ml; odds ratio = 0.059, P=0.010) and low Gleason score at diagnosis (≤ 7; odds ratio = 0.016, P=0.040) as significant factors for receiving intermittent therapy. The overall survival was better in intermittent cases (hazard ratio = 2.98 by log-rank test, P=0.023). During the off-treatment period, leukopenia, thrombopenia, appetite loss, diarrhea, alopecia, nail changes and fatigue subsided (0.0-11.1%), whereas sensory and/or motor neuropathy persisted in 12 of the 27 cases (44.4%). Therefore, our intermittent regimen of docetaxel chemotherapy was found to be feasible for CRPC patients, since it may reduce adverse events without compromising the oncological outcome.
Kume H, Kawai T, Nagata M, Azuma T, Miyazaki H, Suzuki M, Fujimura T, Nakagawa T, Fukuhara H, Homma Y. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.
Reference: Mol Clin Oncol. 2015 Mar;3(2):303-307.