OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyze dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) for the detection of prostate cancer in comparison with standard evaluation with T2-weighted imaging.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed electronic database search for the terms "dynamic contrast-enhanced," "prostate," and "MRI" was completed for articles up to September 17, 2013. All included studies had histopathologic correlation. Two by two contingency data were constructed for each study. A binormal bayesian ROC model was used to estimate and compare sensitivity, specificity, and AUC among eligible modalities.
RESULTS: Both DCE-MRI (0.82-0.86) and diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) (0.84-0.88) yielded significantly better AUC than T2-weighted imaging (0.68-0.77). Moreover, partial AUC for the combination of DCE-MRI, DWI, and T2-weighted imaging was improved significantly (0.111; 0.103-0.119) when compared with DCE-MRI alone (0.079; 0.072-0.085) and T2-weighted imaging alone (0.079; 0.074-0.084) but not DWI alone (0.099; 0.091-0.108). Sensitivity and specificity were similar among the four modalities.
CONCLUSION: DCE-MRI improves AUC of tumor detection overall compared with T2-weighted imaging alone. Methods for DCE-MRI analysis require standardization, but visual analysis performs similar to semiquantitative methods. A two-parameter approach using DCE-MRI and T2-weighted imaging or DWI and T2-weighted imaging may be sufficient, and the latter may be more favorable for most routine prostate cancer imaging.
Tan CH, Paul Hobbs B, Wei W, Kundra V. Are you the author?
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433.
Reference: AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Apr;204(4):W439-48.