PURPOSE: To evaluate a novel system for MRI/TRUS fusion-guided biopsy for detection of prostate cancer (PCa) in patients with previous negative prostate biopsy and determine diagnostic accuracy when using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) as proposed by the European Society of Urogenital Radiology.
METHODS: Thirty-nine men with clinical suspicion of PCa and history of previous prostate biopsy underwent mpMRI on a 3-T MRI. In total, 72 lesions were evaluated by the consensus of two radiologists. PI-RADS scores for each MRI sequence, the sum of the PI-RADS scores and the global PI-RADS were determined. MRI/TRUS fusion-guided targeted biopsy was performed using the BioJet™ software combined with a transrectal ultrasound system. Image fusion was based on rigid registration. PI-RADS scores of the dominant lesion were compared with histopathological results. Diagnostic accuracy was determined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.
RESULTS: MRI/TRUS fusion-guided biopsy was reliable and successful for 71 out of 72 lesions. The global PI-RADS score of the dominant lesion was significantly higher in patients with PCa (4.0 ± 1.3) compared to patients with negative histopathology (2.6 ± 0.8; p = 0.0006). Using a global PI-RADS score cut-off ≥4, a sensitivity of 85 %, a specificity of 82 % and a negative predictive value of 92 % were achieved.
CONCLUSIONS: The described fusion system is dependable and efficient for targeted MRI/TRUS fusion-guided biopsy. mpMRI PI-RADS scores combined with a novel real-time MRI/TRUS fusion system facilitate sufficient diagnosis of PCa with high sensitivity and specificity.
Tewes S, Hueper K, Hartung D, Imkamp F, Herrmann TR, Weidemann J, Renckly S, Kuczyk MA, Wacker F, Peters I. Are you the author?
Institute for Radiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.
Reference: World J Urol. 2015 Mar 14. Epub ahead of print.