OBJECTIVE: To review the latest evidence on the oncologic urology of prostate, renal and bladder tumors, analyzing their impact on daily clinical practice and the future medium to long-term regimens.
METHODS: We review the abstracts on prostate, renal and bladder cancer presented at the 2014 congresses (European Association of Urology, American Urological Association, American Society of Clinical Oncology and American Society for Radiation Oncology) that received the best evaluations by the OncoForum committee.
RESULTS: The committee considered the following messages important: cytoreductive nephrectomy followed by treatment with a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor can significantly increase the overall survival of patients with metastatic renal cancer; for advanced bladder cancer, early adjuvant chemotherapy after cystectomy is preferable because it significantly increases progression-free survival; and several studies have shown that multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging and fusion imaging improve the diagnosis of prostate cancer and provide greater possibilities for placing patients in the appropriate risk group in order to offer them the best treatment possible. The results of the PREVAIL study have demonstrated the efficacy of enzalutamide on the overall survival of men with castration-resistant prostate cancer and metastases, with no prior chemotherapy. The study also demonstrated the drug's favorable safety profile.
CONCLUSIONS: Progress is continuing in renal and bladder cancer, improving the approach and clinical results with current therapeutic options. There is constant progress in castration-resistant prostate cancer; in 2014, prechemotherapy treatments were consolidated.
Gómez-Veiga F, Alcaraz-Asensio A, Burgos-Revilla J, Cózar-Olmo J. Are you the author?
Servicio de Urología, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, España; Servicio de Urología, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, España; Servicio de Urología, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España; Servicio de Urología, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, España.
Reference: Actas Urol Esp. 2015 Mar 11. pii: S0210-4806(15)00106-0.
Article in English, Spanish.