High-dose-rate brachytherapy as a monotherapy for prostate cancer-Single-institution results of the extreme fractionation regimen - Abstract

PURPOSE: We report a single-institution retrospective analysis of the outcomes, disease control, and toxicity of high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy used as the only treatment modality (monotherapy) for localized prostate cancer.

METHODS: Between 2006 and 2012, 77 patients with diagnosed prostate cancer were treated with HDR brachytherapy as a monotherapy. The prescribed dose was 45 Gy in three separate implants 21 days apart, with single fraction per implant. Of the 77 patients, 67 (87%) received hormonal therapy. Prostate-specific antigen failure was defined according to Phoenix consensus, as nadir + 2 ng/mL. Toxicity was scored according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03.

RESULTS: The median followup time was 57 months (4.75 years). The 5-year actuarial overall survival was 98.7%, biochemical control 96.7%, local control 96.9%, and metastasis-free survival 98.4%. Younger age at the beginning of brachytherapy predicted the onset of bounce phenomenon. There were no Grade 3 or higher acute toxicities detected, and Grade 2 genitourinary acute toxicity developed in 19 patients (24.6%). There were no Grade 2 gastrointestinal complications. No Grade 4 or 5 late toxicity was detected. There were also no Grade 3 gastrointestinal toxicities detected. One patient (1.3%) underwent transurethral resection of the prostate because of Grade 3 urethral stenosis and urinary retention. A total of 26 patients (33.8%) developed Grade 2 late toxicity.

CONCLUSIONS: HDR brachytherapy as monotherapy for localized prostate cancer was feasible, effective, and had acceptable toxicity profile.

Written by:
Kukiełka AM, Dąbrowski T, Walasek T, Olchawa A, Kudzia R, Dybek D.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiotherapy, Centrum Onkologii Instytut im. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie, Oddział w Krakowie, Kraków, Poland; Department of Radiotherapy, Szpital Specjalistyczny im J. Śniadeckiego, Nowy Sącz, Poland; Department of Medical Physics, Centrum Onkologii Instytut im. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie, Oddział w Krakowie, Kraków, Poland.  

Reference: Brachytherapy. 2015 Feb 28. pii: S1538-4721(15)00019-7.
doi: 10.1016/j.brachy.2015.01.004

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25736733

UroToday.com Prostate Cancer Section