Comparison of pathological and biochemical outcomes after radical prostatectomy in Korean patients with serum PSA ranges - Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess surgical outcome at radical prostatectomy (RP) in Korean men with a serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of 2.5 to 3.0 ng/mL and compared with those of patients who had a PSA level of 3.0-4.0 and 4.0-10.0 ng/mL.

We retrospectively compared clinico-pathological characteristics and biochemical recurrence (BCR) risk in patients with PSA level of 2.5-3.0 (group 1, n = 92, 5.7%), 3.0-4.0 (group 2, n = 283, 17.5%), or 4.0-10.0 ng/mL (group 3, n = 1,242, 76.8%) who underwent RP between 1995 and 2013. The pathologic characteristics including Gleason score, pathologic stage, and percentage of significant cancer in group 1 were similar to those in group 2 and group 3. Furthermore, pathological upgrading and upstaging were found in 23 (30.7%) and 10 (14.7%) in group 1, 84 (33.9%) and 19 (8.8%) in group 2, and 321 (32.8%) and 113 (12.8%) in group 3, respectively, with no significant differences among the three groups (all P > 0.05). In multivariate analysis, PSA grouping was not an independent predictor of BCR. Within the population with PSA lower than 10 ng/mL, substratification of PSA is not a significant predictor for upgrading, upstaging, or adverse prognosis.

Written by:
Lee HW, Jeon HG, Jeong BC, Seo SI, Jeon SS, Choi HY, Lee HM.   Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Reference: J Korean Med Sci. 2015 Mar;30(3):317-22.
doi: 10.3346/jkms.2015.30.3.317

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25729256 Prostate Cancer Section