Toxicity of tomotherapy-based simultaneous integrated boost in whole-pelvis radiation for prostate cancer - Abstract

PURPOSE: The validity of tomotherapy-based simultaneous integrated boost (TOMOSIB) was assessed in terms of acute intestinal/urinary toxicity by comparing with 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) in cases of whole-pelvis radiation therapy (WPRT) for prostate cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive patients who underwent curative WPRT were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty six (68.4%) received 3DCRT and the others (31.6%) were treated with TOMOSIB. A local boost to the prostate circumferential area was added to WPRT sequentially for 3DCRT and concomitantly for TOMOSIB. The total median prostate or prostatic bed dose was 64.8 Gy including median 45.0 Gy of WPRT. Acute toxicities were assessed according to RTOG criteria.

RESULTS: Overall intestinal toxicity was lower in TOMOSIB group than 3DCRT group (p=0.008). When it was divided into rectum and non-rectum intestine (NRI), TOMOSIB showed borderline superiority only in NRI toxicity (p=0.047). For the urinary toxicity, there was no significant difference between two groups (p=0.796). On dosimetric analysis for the rectum and bladder, dose delivered to 80% (p< 0.001) and volume receiving 25-40 Gy (p< 0.001) were remarkably higher in 3DCRT. For the NRI, only maximum dose showed significant results between two groups (p< 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Intestinal toxicity should be verified with more detailed anatomic categorization such as rectum and NRI. TOMOSIB could not reduce urinary toxicity because of inevitably high dose exposure to the prostatic urethra. Current dosimetry system did not properly reflect intestinal/urinary toxicity, and suitable dosimetric guidelines are needed in TOMOSIB.

Written by:
You SH, Lee JY, Lee CG.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea; Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.  

Reference: Yonsei Med J. 2015 Mar;56(2):510-8.
doi: 10.3349/ymj.2015.56.2.510

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25684003 Prostate Cancer Section


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