Patient experiences at diagnosis and psychological well-being in prostate cancer: A Finnish national survey - Abstract

PURPOSE: Most cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed at an early stage, and men live for many years after diagnosis.

Thus, their well-being and quality of life are of great importance. This study investigated patient experiences and psychological well-being in a Finnish national sample of prostate cancer patients who received various types of treatment.

METHOD: In a national sample (50%) of prostate cancer patients diagnosed in Finland in 2004, information was collected on the patients' experiences at diagnosis and choice of treatment (e.g. treatment selection, patient satisfaction with care and information, psychological reactions). In 2009, participants were asked about their experiences, and psychological well-being (psychological symptoms, satisfaction with life) was measured. In total, 1239 completed questionnaires (73%) were accepted for the study. Differences between treatments and predictors of psychological well-being were investigated using descriptive statistics and regression analysis.

RESULTS: Half of the respondents were satisfied with the care and information they received about the cancer and side effects of treatment. Experiences and psychological well-being were most positive among patients who received brachytherapy and poorest among patients who received hormonal therapy. Patients who underwent prostatectomy or brachytherapy were most likely to have been involved in treatment selection. Negative experiences, such as learning of the diagnosis in an impersonal way and dissatisfaction with the information and care received, were predictive of poorer well-being.

CONCLUSIONS: Unmet supportive care and informational needs were common. Experiences and well-being varied between treatments. Patients tended to prefer prostatectomy and brachytherapy. Unmet needs, which would probably be reduced by improvements in care, appear to have a long-lasting impact on patients' psychological well-being.

Written by:
Lehto US, Helander S, Taari K, Aromaa A.   Are you the author?
Population Health Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Cancer Registry, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Urology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Surgery, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.  

Reference: Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2014 Dec 24. pii: S1462-3889(14)00197-5.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2014.10.018

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25547457 Prostate Cancer Section