Background: To evaluate the effect of two different alpha-1 adrenoceptor antagonists on lower urinary tract symptoms in patients who underwent LDR-brachytherapy.
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Methods: A total of 141 patients who had been clinically diagnosed with localized prostate cancer and underwent LDR-brachytherapy between were enrolled. Patients were randomized and allocated to two groups (silodosin 8 mg vs. naftopidil 75 mg). The primary endpoint was a change in the international prostate symptom score (IPSS) at 3 months after seed implantation. Secondary endpoints included the recovery rate of IPSS at 12 months after seed implantation, the change in IPSS and overactive bladder symptom score, uroflowmetric parameters, and frequency volume chart (FVC). To determine independent variables that can predict IPSS recovery, logistic regression analysis was carried out.
Results: The mean change in the IPSS at 3 months after seed implantation in both groups was ¿10.6 (naftopidil) and ¿10.4 (silodosin), respectively. There was not a significant difference between the two groups (p=0.728). An increase in urinary frequency and a decrease in total urinated volume and mean voided volume were observed in FVC for 12 months after seed implantation. Multivariate analysis revealed that the urethral dose (UD30) was an independent predictive parameter of IPSS recovery. Patients with UD30< 200Gy showed a higher recovery rate of IPSS at 12 months after seed implantation.
Conclusion: There was no significant difference of serial change in IPSS between silodosin and naftopidil during the first year after seed implantation. A lower dose on the urethra was an independent predictor of IPSS recovery at 12 months after seed implantation.
Tanaka N, Torimoto K, Asakawa I, Miyake M, Anai S, Hirayama A, Hasegawa M, Konishi N, Fujimoto K. Are you the author?
Reference: Radiat Oncol. 2014 Dec 29;9(1):1163.