Laparascopic radical prostatectomy - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since its initial description 20 years ago, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) is now a standard treatment option for localized prostate cancer.

However, in recent years robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) has been gradually replacing LRP, despite high costs incurred with RALP.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to determine the oncological outcomes of LRP from selected series with a follow-up of around 10 years and to compare oncological and functional outcomes between LRP and RALP.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The outcomes of a case series of LRP with a median follow-up of at least 3 years were reviewed. In addition, the outcomes of comparative studies between LRP and RALP were reviewed.

RESULTS: The first case series of LRP with follow-ups of 10 years after LRP are available and show favorable oncologic outcomes. Current data show that RALP offers superior functional results (recovery of erectile function) following bilateral nerve sparing when compared to LRP.

CONCLUSION: The first review a few years ago showed comparable oncologic and functional outcomes between open prostatectomy, LRP, and RALP. Recent data from comparative studies show superiority of RALP over LRP for potency following bilateral nerve sparing. The potency outcomes between LRP and RALP are, however, similar following wide excision of both neurovascular bundles. Therefore, both treatment options can be recommended for the treatment of localized PC.

Written by:
Ganzer R, Do M, Rai BP, Dietel A, Stolzenburg JU.   Are you the author?
Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig AöR, Liebigstraße 20, 04103, Leipzig, Deutschland.

Reference: Urologe A. 2014 Dec 21. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1007/s00120-014-3664-4

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25526852

Article in German. Prostate Cancer Section