Prostate cancer detection rates: Comparison of standard biopsy with prompt rebiopsy and a one-time extended biopsy - Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Prostate biopsy is the gold standard for the detection of prostate cancer (PCA).

While national and international guidelines recommend the extraction of 10-12 cores at initial biopsy, some authors plead to initially perform more extensive biopsy protocols. We assessed the PCA detection and complication rates of different biopsy schemes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We relied on the data of 425 men who underwent their first prostate biopsy from April 2005 to May 2013. Exclusion criteria consisted of PSA > 20 ng/ml, prior surgery of the prostate, or intake of 5-α-reductase inhibitors. Overall 357 underwent a 10- to 12-core biopsy, while 68 patients underwent 20-core biopsy. In case of a negative biopsy in the 10-12 cohort, rebiopsy was performed within 6 months, while in the 20-core group clinical follow-up determined further course of action. Endpoints of the study were the overall PCA detection rate and the rate of severe complications, which were defined as complications requiring hospital admission. The effect of the respective biopsy scheme on the PCA detection rate was assessed using uni- and multivariable logistic regression analysis. In the subanalysis, the PCA detection rates between the two groups were compared solely in patients with PSA values ≤ 10 ng/ml.

RESULTS: At initial biopsy, the overall PCA detection rate was 50.4% (214/425). In the 10-12 core group, the PCA detection rate at first biopsy was 52.4% (187/357) and rebiopsy detected a further 19 (11.2%) PCA cases, resulting in a cumulative PCA detection rate of 57.7% (206/357). In the 20-core group, the PCA detection rate was 39.7% (27/68). While the different PCA detection rates were not statistically different when the initial biopsies were compared, biopsy scheme reached independent predictor status when the cumulative PCA detection rate of the 10- to 12-core scheme was compared to the 20-core scheme (p=0.01). Comparable results were obtained only when patients with PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml were considered. The rate of severe complications was statistically higher in the 20-core group (6.1 vs. 2.4%; p=0.01).

CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that an initial 20-core biopsy does not lead to a higher PCA detection rate compared to an initial 10- to 12-core biopsy. Moreover, the cumulative PCA detection rate of a 10- to 12-core biopsy and prompt repeat biopsy was significantly higher compared to a single 20-core biopsy.

Written by:
Türk Z, Hollberg H, Dill T, Kaspers I, Isbarn H.   Are you the author?
Urologische Gemeinschaftspraxis Dres. Hollberg, Dill, Kaspers und Türk, Buxtehude, Deutschland.

Reference: Urologe A. 2015 Jan;54(1):28-33.
doi: 10.1007/s00120-014-3648-4

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25526851

Article in German. Prostate Cancer Section