BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the association between post-diagnosis physical activity and mortality among men diagnosed with prostate cancer.
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of physical activity after a prostate cancer diagnosis on both overall and prostate cancer-specific mortality in a large cohort.
METHODS: Data from 4,623 men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer 1997-2002 and followed-up until 2012 were analyzed. HRs with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models to examine the association between post-diagnosis recreational MET-h/d, time spent walking/bicycling, performing household work or exercising, and time to overall and prostate cancer-specific death. All models were adjusted for potential confounders.
RESULTS: During the follow-up, 561 deaths of any cause and 194 deaths from prostate cancer occurred. Statistically significantly lower overall mortality rates were found among men engaged in ≥5 recreational MET-h/d (HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.52-0.77), walking/bicycling ≥20 min/d (HR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.57-0.86), performing household work ≥1 h/d (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.59-0.86), or exercising ≥1 h/wk (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.61-0.90), compared with less active men within each activity type. For prostate cancer-specific mortality, statistically significantly lower mortality rates were seen among men walking/bicycling ≥20 min/d (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.43-0.87) or exercising ≥1 h/wk (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.48-0.94).
CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of physical activity were associated with reduced rates of overall and prostate cancer-specific mortality.
IMPACT: Our study further strengthens previous results indicating beneficial effects of physical activity on survival among men with prostate cancer.
Bonn SE, Sjölander A, Lagerros YT, Wiklund F, Stattin P, Holmberg E, Grönberg H, Bälter K. Are you the author?
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Medicine, Unit of Clinical Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Urology and Andrology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at Univerity of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Reference: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Jan;24(1):57-64.