BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/ultrasound (US) fusion-guided biopsy detects more prostate cancer (PCa) than transrectal US (TRUS)-guided biopsy in patients with an indication for prostate re-biopsy.
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The aim of this study was a) to compare the detection rates of MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy with conventional TRUS in a double centre cohort and b) to investigate the influence of the number of pre-biopsies on the PCa detection rate.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the period from January 2012 to July 2014, 310 consecutive patients gave written informed consent and underwent 3 Tesla MRI scans of the prostate. All patients had at least one PCa suspicious lesion in the MRI and were biopsied by MRI/US fusion followed by a conventional 10-core biopsy of the prostate. Detection rates based on technique, Gleason score and number of pre-biopsies were calculated.
RESULTS: The overall detection rate of the study was 51% (158 patients). Among these 158 patients a histopathological Gleason score of 6 was detected in 60 patients (38%), a Gleason score of 7 in 54 patients (34%) and a Gleason score≥8 in 44 patients (28%). MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy detected 110 (69.7%) of the overall detected 158 PCa. TRUS-guided biopsy detected a higher rate of Gleason score 6 (54%) and a lower rate of Gleason score ≥8 (15%) lesions in comparison to 38% Gleason 6 and 28% Gleason≥8 in the MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy, respectively. Furthermore, a lower Gleason score was observed in patients with more than one pre-biopsy. The detection rate in biopsy-naïve patients undergoing MRI/US fusion was 75% (40 patients) among 75% detected Gleason score≥7.
CONCLUSION: MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy detected more PCa and also more clinically significant cancer than conventional TRUS. In our cohort patients with more than one pre-biopsy showed lower Gleason scores. The included patients with an initial MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy should be further investigated.
Maxeiner A, Stephan C, Fischer T, Durmus T, Kilic E, Asbach P, Haas M, Günzel K, Neymeyer J, Miller K, Cash H. Are you the author?
Klinik für Urologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin; Klinik für Radiologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin; Klinik für Pathologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, CCM, Berlin.
Reference: Aktuelle Urol. 2015 Jan;46(1):34-8.
Article in German.