Additional androgen deprivation makes the difference: Biochemical recurrence-free survival in prostate cancer patients after HDR brachytherapy and external beam radiotherapy - Abstract

BACKGROUND: The role of additional androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with combined HDR brachytherapy (HDR-BT) and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) is still unknown.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive PCa patients classified as D'Amico intermediate and high-risk who underwent HDR-BT and EBRT treatment ± ADT at our institution between January 1999 and February 2009 were assessed. Multivariable Cox regression models predicting biochemical recurrence (BCR) were performed. BCR-free survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier analyses.

RESULTS: Overall, 392 patients were assessable. Of these, 221 (56.4 %) underwent trimodality (HDR-BT and EBRT and ADT) and 171 (43.6 %) bimodality (HDR-BT and EBRT) treatment. Additional ADT administration reduced the risk of BCR (HR: 0.4, 95 % CI: 0.3-0.7, p < 0.001). D'Amico high-risk patients had superior BCR-free survival when additional ADT was administered (log-rank p < 0.001). No significant difference for BCR-free survival was recorded when additional ADT was administered to D'Amico intermediate-risk patients (log-rank p = 0.2).

CONCLUSIONS: Additional ADT administration improves biochemical control in D'Amico high-risk patients when HDR-BT and EBRT are combined. Physicians should consider the oncological benefit of ADT administration for these patients during the decision-making process.

Written by:
Schiffmann J, Lesmana H, Tennstedt P, Beyer B, Boehm K, Platz V, Tilki D, Salomon G, Petersen C, Krüll A, Graefen M, Schwarz R.   Are you the author?
Martini-Clinic Prostate Cancer Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.  

Reference: Strahlenther Onkol. 2014 Dec 4. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1007/s00066-014-0794-y

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25471276 Prostate Cancer Section