The detection rate of prostate cancer (PCa) using traditional biopsy guided by transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is not satisfactory.
The aim of this study was to determine the utility of 3-Tesla (3-T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to TRUS-guided prostate biopsy and to investigate which subgroup of patients had the most evident improvement in PCa detection rate. A total of 420 patients underwent 3-T MRI examination prior to the first prostate biopsy and the positions of suspicious areas were recorded respectively. TRUS-guided biopsy regimes included systematic 12-core biopsy and targeted biopsy identified by MRI. Patients were divided into subgroups according to their serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, PSA density (PSAD), prostate volume, TRUS findings and digital rectal examination (DRE) findings. The ability of MRI to improve the cancer detection rate was evaluated. The biopsy positive rate of PCa was 41.2% (173/420), and 41 of the 173 (23.7%) patients were detected only by targeted biopsy in the MRI-suspicious area. Compared with the systematic biopsy, the positive rate was significantly improved by the additional targeted biopsy (P=0.0033). The highest improvement of detection rate was observed in patients with a PSA level of 4-10 ng/ml, PSAD of 0.12-0.20 ng/mlExp Ther Med. 2015 Jan;9(1):207-212., prostate volume >50 ml, negative TRUS findings and negative DRE findings (P< 0.05). Therefore, it is considered that 3-T MRI examination could improve the PCa detection rate on first biopsy, particularly in patients with a PSA level of 4-10 ng/ml, PSAD of 0.12-0.20 ng/ml2, prostate volume of >50 ml, negative TRUS findings and negative DRE findings.
Chen J, Yi XL, Jiang LX, Wang R, Zhao JG, Li YH, Hu B. Are you the author?
Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai 200233, P.R. China; Department of Radiology, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai 200233, P.R. China.
Reference: Exp Ther Med. 2015 Jan;9(1):207-212.