PURPOSE: To define clinical and pathological factors predicting reclassification at the time of 1-year repeat biopsy (re-Bx) based on a Japanese cohort forming part of the Prostate Research International: Active Surveillance (PRIAS) study.
FREE DAILY AND WEEKLY NEWSLETTERS OFFERED BY CONTENT OF INTEREST
Did you find this article relevant? Subscribe to UroToday-GUOncToday!
The fields of GU Oncology and Urology are advancing rapidly including new treatments, enrolling clinical trials, screening and surveillance recommendations along with updated guidelines. Join us as one of our subscribers who rely on UroToday as their must-read source for the latest news and data on drugs. Sign up today for blogs, video conversations, conference highlights and abstracts from peer-review publications by disease and condition delivered to your inbox and read on the go.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The inclusion criteria for the PRIAS study are as follows: clinical stage T1c/T2, PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml, PSA density (PSAD) < 0.2 ng/ml per milliliter, one or two positive biopsy cores, and Gleason score (GS) ≤ 6 at initial diagnostic biopsy. Baseline clinical characteristics and prostate-specific antigen doubling time (PSADT) at the time of re-Bx were analyzed via multivariate logistic regression with respect to reclassification and 'no cancer' status on the 1-year re-Bx.
RESULTS: A total of 386 patients were enrolled in PRIAS-JAPAN by the end of 2013. Of these, 216 underwent re-Bx at 1 year. A total of 73 patients (33.8 %) were reclassified, whereas 74 (34.3 %) had no cancer. Older age, a higher PSAD, a higher positive core rate, and a shorter PSADT were significant predictors of reclassification. The positive core rate was the predictor common to reclassification, no cancer, and high GS, upon re-Bx.
CONCLUSIONS: An interim analysis of a Japanese AS cohort participating in PRIAS revealed that the positive core rate was strongly associated with reclassification at the 1-year re-Bx. However, although amendment of the PRIAS inclusion criteria to incorporate a positive core might reduce any concern about underestimation, this would also reduce the number of patients undergoing AS.
Sugimoto M, Hirama H, Yamaguchi A, Koga H, Hashine K, Ninomiya I, Shinohara N, Maruyama S, Egawa S, Sasaki H, Kakehi Y. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.
Reference: World J Urol. 2014 Nov 27. Epub ahead of print.