Correlation between testosterone and PSA kinetics in metastatic prostate cancer patients treated with diverse chemical castrations - Abstract

To assess total testosterone and prostatic-specific antigen (PSA) kinetics among diverse chemical castrations, advanced-stage prostate cancer patients were randomized into three groups of 20: Group 1, Leuprolide 3.75 mg; Group 2, Leuprolide 7.5 mg; and Group 3, Goserelin 3.6 mg.

All groups were treated with monthly application of the respective drugs. The patients' levels of serum total testosterone and PSA were evaluated at two time periods: before the treatment and 3 months after the treatment. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was utilized to verify the hypothesis of linear correlation between total testosterone and PSA levels. At the beginning the patients' age, stage, grade, PSA, and total testosterone were similar within the three groups, with median age 72, 70, and 70 years in Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Three months after the treatment, patients who received Leuprolide 7.5 mg presented significantly lower median total testosterone levels compared with Goserelin 3.6 mg and Leuprolide 3.75 mg (9.5 ng/dL vs. 20.0 ng/dL vs. 30.0 ng/dL, respectively; p = .0072), while those who received Goserelin 3.6 mg presented significantly lower PSA levels compared with Leuprolide 7.5 mg and Leuprolide 3.75 mg (0.67 vs. 1.86 vs. 2.57, respectively; p = .0067). There was no linear correlation between total testosterone and PSA levels. Overall, regarding castration levels of total testosterone, 28.77% of patients did not obtain levels ≤ 50 ng/dL and 47.80% did not obtain levels ≤ 20 ng/dL. There was no correlation between total testosterone and PSA kinetics and no equivalence among different pharmacological castrations.

Written by:
Reis LO, Denardi F, Faria EF, Silva ED.   Are you the author?
Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil University of Campinas-Unicamp, Campinas, Brazil; University of Campinas-Unicamp, Campinas, Brazil; Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, Brazil; Maternidade de Campinas e Hospital Sírio Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil.

Reference: Am J Mens Health. 2014 Oct 7. pii: 1557988314552468.
doi: 10.1177/1557988314552468

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25294865 Prostate Cancer Section