OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the presence of concomitant high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) or atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) on biopsy increases the risk of occult adverse pathology in patients otherwise suitable for active surveillance (AS).
METHODS: Patients with D'Amico low-risk prostate cancer on ≥10-core biopsy who underwent radical prostatectomy at our academic center were evaluated for eligibility for AS by either Epstein criteria or Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) criteria. Prostatectomy specimens of patients eligible for AS were compared to determine if the presence of clinical HGPIN or ASAP affected the primary outcomes of pathologic upstaging and Gleason score upgrading.
RESULTS: Of 553 patients with low-risk prostate cancer, 400 patients (72.3%) met the MSKCC criteria, whereas only 170 patients (30.7%) met the Epstein criteria. HGPIN was present in approximately 32%, and ASAP in approximately 12%, of each AS cohort. On univariate and multivariate analyses, HGPIN and ASAP had no impact on the rate of upgrading and upstaging in either Epstein or MSKCC AS-eligible patients. Furthermore, the presence of HGPIN and ASAP had no impact on the 5-year biochemical recurrence-free survival.
CONCLUSION: The presence of HGPIN or ASAP does not increase the risk of upgrading, upstaging, or adverse pathology at the time of prostatectomy for patients who meet the AS criteria. If otherwise suitable, HGPIN and ASAP should not impact the decision to choose AS. However, analysis of prospective AS trials is required to determine if HGPIN or ASAP impacts tumor progression once on AS.
Pietzak EJ 3rd, Kabarriti AE, Mucksavage P, Bavaria T, Van Arsdalen K, Malkowicz SB, Wein AJ, Guzzo TJ. Are you the author?
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Reference: Urology. 2014 Oct 4. pii: S0090-4295(14)00863-2.