Incidence of second malignancies in prostate cancer patients treated with low-dose-rate brachytherapy and radical prostatectomy - Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the second malignancy incidence in prostate cancer patients treated with brachytherapy (BT) relative to radical prostatectomy (RP) and to compare both groups with the cancer incidence in the general population.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 1998 to 2010, 2418 patients were treated with Iodine 125 prostate BT monotherapy at the British Columbia Cancer Agency, and 4015 referred patients were treated with RP. Cancer incidence was compared with the age-matched general population using standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). Pelvic malignancies included invasive and noninvasive bladder cancer and rectal cancer. Cox multivariable analysis was performed with adjustment for covariates to determine whether treatment (RP vs BT) was associated with second malignancy risk.

RESULTS: The median age at BT was 66 years and at RP 62 years. The SIR comparing BT patients with the general population was 1.06 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.91-1.22) for second malignancy and was 1.53 (95% CI 1.12-2.04) for pelvic malignancy. The SIR comparing RP patients with the general population was 1.11 (95% CI 0.98-1.25) for second malignancy and was 1.11 (95% CI 0.82-1.48) for pelvic malignancy. On multivariable analysis, older age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.05) and smoking (HR 1.65) were associated with increased second malignancy risk (P< .0001). Radical prostatectomy was not associated with a decreased second malignancy risk relative to BT (HR 0.90, P=.43), even when excluding patients who received postprostatectomy external beam radiation therapy (HR 1.13, P=.25). Older age (HR 1.09, P< .0001) and smoking (HR 2.17, P=.0009) were associated with increased pelvic malignancy risk. Radical prostatectomy was not associated with a decreased pelvic malignancy risk compared with BT (HR 0.57, P=.082), even when excluding postprostatectomy external beam radiation therapy patients (HR 0.87, P=.56).

CONCLUSIONS: After adjustment for covariates, BT patients did not have an increased second malignancy risk compared with RP patients. Further follow-up of this cohort is needed given the potential latency of radiation-induced malignancies.

Written by:
Hamilton SN, Tyldesley S, Hamm J, Jiang WN, Keyes M, Pickles T, Lapointe V4, Kahnamelli A, McKenzie M, Miller S, Morris WJ.   Are you the author?
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Population Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Medical Physics, British Columbia Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency-Centre for the North, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada.  

Reference: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2014 Sep 17. pii: S0360-3016(14)03539-1.
doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.07.032


PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25240272

UroToday.com Prostate Cancer Section

E-Newsletters

Newsletter subscription

Free Daily and Weekly newsletters offered by content of interest

The fields of GU Oncology and Urology are rapidly advancing. Sign up today for articles, videos, conference highlights and abstracts from peer-review publications by disease and condition delivered to your inbox and read on the go.

Subscribe