OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of glycemic control of diabetes mellitus (DM) on prostate cancer detection in a biopsy population.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 1,368 men who underwent prostate biopsy at our institution. We divided our biopsy population into three groups according to their history of DM, and their Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level: a no-DM (DM-) group; a good glycemic control (DM+GC) group (HbA1c < 6.5%); and a poor glycemic control (DM+PC) group (HbA1c ≥6.5%). For sub-analyses, the DM+PC group was divided into a moderately poor glycemic control (DM+mPC) group (6.5≤ HbA1c < 7.5%) and a severely poor glycemic control (DM+sPC) group (HbA1c ≥7.5%).
RESULTS: Among 1,368 men, 338 (24.7%) had a history of DM, and 393 (28.7%) had a positive biopsy. There was a significant difference in prostatic specific antigen density (PSAD) (P = 0.037) and the frequency of abnormal DRE findings (P = 0.031) among three groups. The occurrence rate of overall prostate cancer (P< 0.001) and high-grade prostate cancer (P = 0.016) also presented with a significantly difference. In the multivariate analysis, the DM+PC group was significantly associated with a higher rate of overall prostate cancer detection in biopsy subjects compared to the DM- group (OR = 2.313, P = 0.001) but the DM+PC group was not associated with a higher rate of high-grade (Gleason score ≥7) diseases detected during the biopsy (OR = 1.297, P = 0.376). However, in subgroup analysis, DM+sPC group was significantly related to a higher risk of high-grade diseases compared to the DM- group (OR = 2.446, P = 0.048).
CONCLUSIONS: Poor glycemic control of DM was associated with a higher risk of prostate cancer detection, including high-grade disease, in the biopsy population.
Park J, Cho SY, Lee YJ, Lee SB, Son H, Jeong H. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Korea; Department of Urology, Seoul National University Hospital 101, Daehak-Ro Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea.
Reference: PLoS One. 2014 Sep 8;9(9):e104789.