Significance of image guidance to clinical outcomes for localized prostate cancer - Abstract

Purpose: To compare toxicity profiles and biochemical tumor control outcomes between patients treated with image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) and non-IGRT intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for clinically localized prostate cancer.

Materials and Methods: Between 2009 and 2012, 65 patients with localized prostate cancer were treated with IG-IMRT. This group of patients was retrospectively compared with a similar cohort of 62 patients who were treated between 2004 and 2009 with IMRT to the same dose without image guidance.

Results: The median follow-up time was 4.8 years. The rectal volume receiving ≥40 and ≥70 Gy was significantly lower in the IG-IMRT group. Grade 2 and higher acute and late GI and GU toxicity rates were lower in IG-IMRT group, but there was no statistical difference. No significant improvement in biochemical control at 5 years was observed in two groups. In a Cox regression analysis identifying predictors for PSA relapse-free survival, only preradiotherapy PSA was significantly associated with biochemical control; IG-IMRT was not a statistically significant indicator.

Conclusions: The use of image guidance in the radiation of prostate cancer at our institute did not show significant reduction in the rates of GI and GU toxicity and did not improve the biochemical control compared with IMRT.

Written by:
Zhong Q, Gao H, Li G, Xiu X, Wu Q, Li M, Xu Y.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiotherapy, Beijing Hospital, No. 1 Dongdan Dahua Road, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730, China.

Reference: Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:860639.
doi: 10.1155/2014/860639

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25110701 Prostate Cancer Section


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