Radiation dose to rectum in high-dose-rate brachytherapy with a single implant and two fractions for prostate cancer, and its prediction by prostate volume - Abstract

We aimed to clarify the differences between the estimated rectal dose (ERD) and the first measured dose (FMD) and second measured dose (SMD) to the rectum during high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy, and to predict FMD from the prostate volume (PV) or the rectal dose-volume parameters (RDVPs). ERD, FMD, and SMD were assessed with a rectal dosimeter during HDR brachytherapy of 18 Gy given in two fractions to 110 patients (48 hormone recipients, 62 hormone-naïve patients) with prostate cancer. The correlations between FMD and PV, and between FMD and RDVP (D 2ml-D 5ml) were investigated. ERD (mean ± SD) was 219 ± 44 cGy, FMD was 255 ± 52 cGy, and SMD was 298 ± 63 cGy, which differed significantly (p < 0.001). The correlation coefficients between ERD and FMD, and between FMD and SMD, were 0.82 and 0.78, respectively. SMD was equivalent to 118 ± 16 % FMD. The measured doses were significantly greater in the hormone recipients than in the hormone-naïve patients (p < 0.001). The increase in FMD correlated with the increases in PV and in RDVPs. The correlation coefficients between PV and FMD in all of the patients, in the hormone recipients, and in the hormone-naïve patients were 0.61, 0.64, and 0.64, respectively, whereas that between RDVPs and FMD was < 0.53. In conclusion, the dose to the rectum increased with time and was correlated with the increases in PV and RDVPs. The correlation coefficient between FMD and PV was greater than that between FMD and RDVPs.

Written by:
Shimizu N, Noda Y, Sato M, Shirai S, Kawai N, Harada S, Sakamoto T, Nishioku T.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiology, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama Shi, Wakayama, 641-8510, Japan.

Reference: Radiol Phys Technol. 2014 Jul 18. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1007/s12194-014-0281-2

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 25034872

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