Advances in medical science procedures and their utilization in the field of oncology improved the survival of patients.
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In consequence, these advances have influenced the practice of physiotherapy. Physiotherapists utilize physical agents with the objective to enhance the health, welfare and quality of life and thus they can play important role in the management and rehabilitation of patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED) are effects normally associated with the radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy due to the damage of the muscles of the pelvic floor (MPV). The aim of this work is to present findings related to the PCa and how the physiotherapist can guide the patient in relation to the knowledge and understanding of the anatomic structures related directly with the pelvic floor, the correct breathing and the perception of the MPV, as other muscles of the pelvis. Interventions of the physiotherapy will re-train the muscles of the pelvis by improving the active retention strength of the MPV in order to overcome the insufficiency (mainly the UI and ED) of the injured muscles. In conclusion, it is suggested to consider and to offer to the PCa patients the techniques related to the physiotherapy before and after the treatment.
Bernardo-Filho M, Barbosa Júnior ML, da Cunha Sá-Caputo D, de Aguiar Ede O, de Lima RP, Santos-Filho SD, de Paoli S, Presta GA, de Oliveira Bravo Monteiro M, Tavares A. Are you the author?
Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; Departamento de Medicina Integral Familiar e Comunitária, Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; Mestrado Profissional em Saúde, Medicina Laboratorial e Tecnologia Forense, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; Departamento de Morfologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Estácio de Sá, 20261-060, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; Departamento de Ciências Fisiológicas, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; Faculdade Redentor, Campus Itaperuna, 28300-000, Itaperuna, RJ, Brasil.
Reference: Int J Biomed Sci. 2014 Jun;10(2):73-84.