CONTEXT: Depending on the pathologic tumour stage, up to 60% of prostate cancer patients who undergo radical prostatectomy will develop biochemical relapse and require further local treatment.
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the results of early salvage radiation therapy (RT), defined as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values prior to RT ≤ 0.5 ng/ml in the setting of lymph node-negative disease.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Ten retrospective studies, including one multicentre analysis, were used for this analysis. Among them, we received previously unpublished patient characteristics and updated outcome data from five retrospective single-centre trials to perform a subgroup analysis for early salvage RT.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Patients treated with early salvage RT have a significantly improved biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) rate compared with those receiving salvage RT initiated after PSA values are >0.5 ng/ml. Similarly, within the cohort of patients with pre-RT PSA values < 0.5 ng/ml, improved BRFS rates were noted among those with lower rather higher pre-RT PSA levels. It is possible that higher RT dose levels and the use of adjunctive androgen-deprivation therapy improve biochemical control outcomes in the salvage setting.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on a literature review, improved 5-yr BRFS rates are observed for patients who receive early salvage RT compared with patients treated with salvage RT with a pre-RT PSA value >0.5 ng/ml. Whether the routine application of early salvage RT in patients with initially undetectable PSA levels will be associated with demonstrable clinical benefit awaits the results of ongoing prospective trials.
Pfister D, Bolla M, Briganti A, Carroll P, Cozzarini C, Joniau S, van Poppel H, Roach M, Stephenson A, Wiegel T, Zelefsky MJ. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Reference: Eur Urol. 2013 Aug 15. pii: S0302-2838(13)00834-8.