Improved performance of SPECT-CT In-111 capromab pendetide by correlation with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for identifying metastatic pelvic lymphadenopathy in prostate cancer - Abstract

PURPOSE: To preliminarily evaluate the potential for an improvement in diagnostic performance by a combined interpretation of In-111 capromab pendetide single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) including computed tomography (CT) image fusion with magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging (MR-DWI) for identifying prostate cancer in pelvic lymph nodes thru correlation with histopathology.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This institutional approved, retrospective study identified patients with available histopathology of lymph nodes removed at the time of radical prostatectomy and who had undergone staging with In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT-CT and/or pelvic MRI (including DWI). The performance of In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT for identifying malignant lymph nodes was assessed. Subsequently, a combined reading of In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT and prostate MRI with DWI was performed and the performance assessed.

RESULTS: 18 patients underwent In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT-CT. Of these, 12 patients had also undergone imaging with MR-DWI. In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT-CT had a sensitivity of 40.0 % and specificity of 96.7 % for identification of malignant lymph nodes. However, In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT-CT combined with MRI with DWI had a sensitivity of 88.9 % and specificity of 98.5 %.

CONCLUSIONS: The addition of MR-DWI to the interpretation of In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT-CT may increase the sensitivity for detecting malignant lymph nodes in prostate cancer. Future prospective evaluation of combined In-111 capromab pendetide SPECT-CT and MR-DWI is indicated and may improve clinical evaluation of nodal disease in prostate cancer.

Written by:
Hardie AD, Rieter WJ, Bradshaw ML, Gordon LL, Young MA, Keane TE.   Are you the author?
Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Reference: World J Urol. 2013 Apr 18. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1007/s00345-013-1079-2

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 23595605 Prostate Cancer Section