Combining prostrate-specific antigen and Gleason score increases the diagnostic power of endorectal coil magnetic resonance imaging in prostate cancer pathological stage - Abstract

BACKGROUND: The proper use of endorectal coil MRI (eMRI) images provide detailed information for the real extent of locally prostate cancer invasion and involvement of pelvic lymph nodes.

This study evaluated the accuracy of endorectal coil magnetic resonance imaging (eMRI) results, combining the preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and the biopsy Gleason score to improve the diagnostic accuracy of prostate cancer (PCa) with organ-confined disease (OCD) or extracapsular extension (ECE)/seminal vesicle invasion (SVI).

METHODS: Between 2001 and 2007, 94 PCa patients received eMRI testing during presurgical evaluation and underwent radical prostatectomy. As a part of routine patient workup, serum PSA level and Gleason score after pathology examination were recorded. The eMRI images were used to help assess patient PCa staging status regarding OCD or ECE/SVI. These stage assessments as evaluated through the use of MRI were compared with the final specimen pathological stage after the patients underwent radical prostatectomy.

RESULTS: Of the total 94 patients in our study, 65 had stage pT2, 12 had stage pT3a, and 17 had stage pT3b PCa. In patients with clinical stage T2 PCa, the Gleason score significantly improved the discriminative ability of eMRI to successfully predict PCa at the OCD stage. Otherwise, in cases of clinical stage T3 PCa, accurate determination of PSA levels significantly improved eMRI predictive ability to assess ECE or SVI staging.

CONCLUSION: In clinical stage T2 PCa patients, integrating the biopsy Gleason score improved the discriminative ability to assess OCD PCa staging. Additionally, combining the preoperative PSA levels of clinical T3 prostate cancer cases with Gleason scores significantly improved the sensitivity and accuracy of eMRI diagnosis to distinguish ECE from SVI.

Written by:
Tsao CW, Lin MH, Wu ST, Meng E, Tang SH, Chen HI, Sun GH, Yu DS, Chang SY, Cha TL.   Are you the author?
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Reference: J Chin Med Assoc. 2013 Jan;76(1):20-4.
doi: 10.1016/j.jcma.2012.09.005

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 23331777 Prostate Cancer Section