Guideline-discordant androgen deprivation therapy in localized prostate cancer: Patterns of use in the medicare population and cost implications - Abstract

Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in localized prostate cancer improves overall survival and is recommended by National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines in certain situations.

However, ADT is without benefit in other situations and can actually cause harm. This study examines recent trends in the ADT use and quantifies the cost of guideline-discordant ADT.

Patients and Methods: Patients, aged 66-80 years, in the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare database with non-metastatic prostate cancer diagnosed between 2004 and 2007 were included for analysis. Prostate-specific antigen, Gleason score, and stage were used to define D'Amico risk categories. Logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with guideline-discordant ADT. Annual direct cost was estimated using 2011 Medicare reimbursement for ADT.

Results: Of 28 654 men included, 12.4% received guideline-discordant ADT. In low-risk patients, 14.9% received discordant ADT, mostly due to simultaneous ADT with radiation. Discordant use was seen in 7.3% of intermediate and 14.9% of high-risk patients, mostly from ADT as primary therapy. The odds of receiving guideline-discordant ADT decreased over time (2007 versus 2004; OR 0.69; 95% CI 0.62-0.76). The estimated annual direct cost from discordant ADT is $42 000 000.

Conclusion: Approximately one in eight patients received ADT discordant with published guidelines. Elimination of discordant use would result in substantial savings.

Written by:
Kuykendal AR, Hendrix LH, Salloum RG, Godley PA, Chen RC.   Are you the author?
Division of Hematology-Oncology.

Reference: Kuykendal AR, Hendrix LH, Salloum RG, Godley PA, Chen RC.
doi: 10.1093/annonc/mds618

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 23277483 Prostate Cancer Section