BACKGROUND:The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility, side-effect profile, and proof of concept for focal salvage therapy using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU).
METHODS:A registry-based analysis was conducted between 2004 and 2009 of 430 patients who underwent HIFU. Thirty-nine patients received focal salvage therapy for localized recurrence after external beam radiotherapy. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging studies combined with transperineal template prostate mapping biopsies or transrectal biopsies were used to localize disease. Validated questionnaires were used to assess functional outcomes. Biochemical failure was defined by using both Phoenix criteria (prostate-specific antigen [PSA] nadir plus 2 ng/mL) and Stuttgart criteria (PSA nadir plus 1.2 ng/mL).
RESULTS:The mean pre-HIFU PSA level was 4.6 ng/mL. The median follow-up was 17 months (interquartile range, 10-29 months). International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores decreased from a median ± standard deviation (SD) of 18 ± 16 to 13 ± 21 at 6 months, demonstrating worsening function. Scores on the University of California Los Angeles-Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite Urinary domain indicate that pad-free, leak-free continence status was 64%, and the pad-free rate was 87.2% at last follow-up. One rectourethral fistula occurred and spontaneously resolved with urinary and bowel diversion. The actuarial progression-free survival rate (including PSA nonresponders) was 69% at 1 year and 49% at 2 years according to Phoenix criteria. Excluding PSA nonresponders, these rates were 74% and 58%, respectively (Phoenix criteria).
CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study indicated that focal salvage therapy is a potential strategy for localized recurrence after radiotherapy that may reduce the harms resulting from whole-gland salvage therapies.
Ahmed HU, Cathcart P, McCartan N, Kirkham A, Allen C, Freeman A, Emberton M. Are you the author?
Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Urology, University College London Hospitals National Institute for Health Research Comprehensive Biomedical Research Center, London, United Kingdom.
Reference: Cancer. 2012 Sep 1;118(17):4148-55.