Permanent seed brachytherapy for locally recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy: A case report and review of the literature - Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe the management of a patient with locally recurrent prostate cancer in the prostate bed, 10 years after a radical prostatectomy.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: A 71-year-old man had a radical prostatectomy for a Gleason 7 clinical T2a carcinoma of the prostate in 2000. Final pathologic stage was pT3a pN0. Postoperatively his prostate-specific antigen was undetectable, but by 2008 it was 1.0ng/mL and in 2011 it reached to 1.43ng/mL. He was referred for consideration of salvage radiotherapy. Staging workup was negative but transrectal ultrasound revealed a 15cc recurrence in the prostate bed. A combination of external beam radiation therapy (4600/23/4.5 weeks to the pelvis) and a brachytherapy boost (115Gy) was selected for definitive management. Androgen ablation was not used.

RESULTS: The treatment was well tolerated. The brachytherapy boost was planned in a similar fashion to a de novo implant for an intact prostate. The postimplant dosimetry was evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging-computed tomography (MR-CT) fusion and appeared satisfactory. Acute toxicity was minimal. Six months after brachytherapy, the prostate-specific antigen had fallen from 1.43 to 0.05ng/mL.

CONCLUSIONS: Dose escalation with combined external beam and brachytherapy may be feasible if recurrent disease can be visualized using transrectal ultrasound and encompassed in an implanted volume. Although longer followup and a larger series of patients are required to demonstrate safety and efficacy, consideration should be given this approach.

Written by:
GaztaƱaga M, Crook JM.   Are you the author?
Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Center for the Southern Interior, University of British Columbia, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada.

Reference: Brachytherapy. 2012 Jun 27. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.brachy.2012.04.006

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22748289 Prostate Cancer Section