AIM:To evaluate the effectiveness of primary hormonal treatment on localized and locally advanced prostate cancer, including the analysis on the survival predictive factors.
METHODS: Patients with localized (T1,T2N0M0) and locally advanced (T3, T4N0M0) prostate cancer who had received primary hormonal treatment between January 1995 and December 2009 were evaluated retrospectively based on their specific medical records at Department of Urology in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (RSCM) and Dharmais Cancer Hospital (RSKD).
RESULTS: About 79 (29.9%) of 264 patients with localized and advanced local prostate cancer received primary hormonal treatment. In the localized prostate cancer group, mean survival was 58.3 months (range: 1.87-170.78) and 5-year survival was 77.3%; while in locally advanced prostate cancer patients, mean survival was 40.87 months (range 7.29-115.29) and 5-year survival was only 22.7%. Hemoglobin level was a significant clinical parameter of survival predictive factors for both localized and locally advanced prostate cancer groups. The lower the hemoglobin level, the survival will be shorter.
CONCLUSION: There were no significant differences between mean survival and 5-year survival rate, between localized and locally advanced prostate cancer patients who had received primary hormonal treatment. Hemoglobin level is survival predictive factors for localized and locally advanced prostate cancer patients.
Utomo NB, Mochtar CA, Umbas R. Are you the author?
Department of Urology, University of Indonesia-dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia.
Reference: Acta Med Indones. 2012 Jan;44(1):10-5.
UroToday.com Prostate Cancer Section